What is a Stroke?
A stroke occurs when a blood vessel that carries oxygen to the brain is either blocked by a clot or ruptures. When that happens, part of the brain cannot get the blood (and oxygen) it needs, which causes brain cells to die.
What are the types of stroke?
• Ischemic Stroke is caused by a clot obstructing the flow of the blood to the brain.
• Hemorrhagic Stroke is when a blood vessel ruptures and prevents blood flow to the brain.
• Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) is known as a mini stroke and is caused by a temporary clot.
Symptoms of stroke in Women and Men
• Numbness or weakness in face, arm or leg
• Trouble speaking or understanding speech
• Vision problems
• Trouble walking or a lack of coordination
• Severe headache without a known cause
• General weakness
• Disorientation and confusion or memory problems
• Nausea or vomiting
Prevention of Heart Attack and Stroke
1. Stop smoking
2. Engage in physical activity
3. Use diet therapy
4. Maintain/reduce weight
5. Control blood pressure
6. Undergo cholesterol control/statin therapy
7. Control blood sugar
8. Limit alcohol intake
If you are experiencing symptoms of a stroke, please call 911 or come to the CMH Emergency Department.